From ski resort workers in Colorado to amusement park employees in Florida, 66,000 temporary workers come to the US every year on H-2B visas. The H-2B allows US employers to hire migrant workers to fill temporary non-agricultural roles in the US.
The H-2B visa is available to employers of foreign workers not working in the agricultural field. This visa is only available for work that is temporary in nature. For H2B purposes, that means one of the following:
Recurring seasonal need: work that is regularly tied to a season, such as amusement park work in the summer, or ski resort work in the winter.
Intermittent need: work for which the employer has not employed full time staff, and occasionally needs temporary workers.
Peak-load need: work during busy periods for which the employer needs temporary staff in addition to their permanent employees.
One time occurrence: work needed during a short, one time period of need.
The employer must also prove that:
There are no unemployed US workers willing or able to do the work. This is established through the state's employment agency using a labor certification process. This process requires a recruitment campaign, including advertising in a local newspaper for available temporary workers.
Employing a worker on an H-2B visa will not negatively affect the pay or conditions of US workers
Length of stay
The duration of the visa is limited to the employer's need for the temporary workers. The maximum authorized period is one year. However, the employer may extend the duration of the visa up to three years.
Family and dependants
Spouses of H-2B visa holder or an unmarried child under 21 years of age of H-2B visa holder are issued an H-4 visa. They may remain in the US as long as the authorized stay of the H-2B visa holder. H-4 visa holders are not permitted to work in the US.
Entry into the US
Applicants should be aware that a visa does not guarantee entry into the United States. The officer at the port of entry has authority to deny admission, even if the applicant has a visa. Also, the officer at the port of entry, not the consular officer, determines the period for which the bearer of a temporary work visa is authorized to remain in the United States. At the port of entry, officials issue Form I-94, Record of Arrival-Departure, which notes the length of stay permitted. The decision to grant or deny a request for extension of stay, however, is made solely by the USCIS.
In order to be considered as a non-immigrant under the above classifications, the prospective employer must file Form I-129, Petition for Non-immigrant Worker, with the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Once approved, the employer is sent a notice of approval, Form I-797.
Petitions should be filed no more than six months before the proposed employment will begin. However, they should be submitted at least 45 days before the employment will begin, because the petition processing and visa issuance may not be completed before work is to begin.
If the prospective worker is outside of the US, he must then apply for a visa with the US consulate.
The H-2B visa application includes:
DS-156, Application for Non-immigrant Visa
DS-157 if male between the ages of 16 and 45)
The necessary filing fees
Copy of Notice of Approval of H-2B Petition
One passport-style photo
Evidence of ties to the home country (family, property, current occupation, etc.) Like with any other non-immigrant visa, the Consulate needs to see that each applicant has ties to the country so that he or she will return home after their work period ends.
If the prospective worker is already in the US and is changing from one non-immigrant status to another, a visa is not required. However, if the worker leaves the US and wants to re-enter, s/he may need a visa.
Workpermit.com's specialist US immigration lawyer is on hand to help with application process.
If you would like to apply for an H-2B visa through workpermit.com, please fill out an application form, or contact us on:
Telephone: 0344 991 9222
Further information, help, and advice
Workpermit.com's team of specialists has over 25 years of experience in immigration services, and have helped thousands of people to study and work in the US. All applications for US visas are dealt with in-house by a member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA).