Most workers from outside of the European Economic Area will need a work permit to work in Belgium. The main categories of foreign nationals exempt from the work permit requirement are as follows:
Nationals of a member state of the European Economic Area (EEA) and their spouses, their descendants aged under 21 years or who are still dependent on them, relatives in the ascending line who are dependent on them and their spouses.
The spouse of a Belgian and their descendants aged under 21 or who are dependent on them, their dependent relatives in the ascending line and their spouses.
Foreign nationals in possession of a residence permit.
Foreign nationals authorised or admitted for an unlimited period of time.
Acknowledged refugees in Belgium.
Students staying legally in Belgium to work only during school holidays (the Christmas holidays, the Easter holidays and the summer holidays).
Students on training courses that are mandatory for their studies in Belgium.
Apprentices hired under the terms of an apprenticeship or sandwich course contract.