The UK government says that it intends to pass legislation that they say will encourage people who want to contribute to the country but discourage those who want to take advantage of the UK's social benefits. The proposed legislation was revealed by Queen Elizabeth II at the state opening of parliament in Westminster on Wednesday 8th May 2013.
The State Opening of Parliament is an annual event at which the monarch reads a speech outlining her government's legislative agenda for the coming year. This year, the immigration bill was one of the major announcements in the seven minute long speech. The speech contained commitments from the government to pass fifteen laws which will deal with matters as diverse as pensions, social care, job creation and immigration.
The Queen announced that the immigration bill would ensure that the UK 'attracts those who will contribute and deters those who will not'. The bill will do the following if it becomes law:
- Restrict access to the NHS for foreign nationals in the UK
- Require visitors to the UK to make a contribution towards the costs of any treatment they receive from the NHS
- Introduce bigger fines for firms which employ foreign workers who do not have the right to work in the UK
- Oblige private landlords to check the immigration status of prospective tenants before they rent a property. A failure to do so may result in hefty fines
- Require the courts, when considering applications from foreign criminals to remain in the UK under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, to consider the impact on the victims and on society generally. Article 8 says that everyone has the right to family life. This has been interpreted by the courts in such a way that some foreign criminals have been allowed to stay in the UK because they have fathered a child even after they have committed serious offences.
Measures do not tackle important issues on illegal immigration – LabourThe UK's Labour Party opposition has said that the measures 'don't tackle important issues on exploitation and illegal immigration'. The Labour Shadow Home Secretary, Yvette Cooper, said, in a statement 'we support the measures promised…but it appears their impact will be limited'.
Ms Cooper said that the government was doing nothing to prevent the exploitation of foreign workers. Ed Miliband, the opposition leader, said, in a speech in the House of Commons, that a failure to prevent unscrupulous employers paying wages below the minimum wage to foreign workers was driving down wages for all.
Labour also said that the government had announced no measures to combat illegal immigration nor to give the power of arrest to immigration staff.
The bill will not alter the UK's five tier points-based immigration system which deals with work and student immigration. Tier 1 visas are for 'high value migrants such as entrepreneurs, those with exceptional talent and the like. Tier 2 is for skilled workers. Tier 4 is for students and Tier 5 for temporary workers intending to stay in the UK for less than two years.
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