Right wing Conservative MP Liam Fox has called for radical reform of the UK's immigration system in favour of skilled workers at the expense of family members of UK citizens.
Dr Fox, who was forced to resign as the Minister of Defence in 2011 after allegations of impropriety, has spent the last two years writing a book about his political vision. His proposals relating to immigration are perhaps lacking in detail.
He proposes an 'open and shut' immigration policy which would increase the number of visas granted to skilled workers and reduce the numbers granted to family members of UK citizens and residents. He says 'If we are going to ensure that those with the necessary skills for the high end of our economy are more able to come to the United Kingdom, then the corollary will be that the numbers of those who come here as part of our social or cultural migration will need to be curtailed'.
UK must reform immigration systems to be more like Australia, Canada and US – Dr FoxDr Fox says that the UK should reform its immigration system to be more like those in Canada, the US and Australia. However, according to the Organisation for Economic Development, the UK already has a system which takes in a similar proportion of working migrants to those in Australia and Canada. It takes a much higher proportion of working migrants than the US.
Writing in right-wing UK newspaper The Daily Telegraph, Dr Fox says that the UK profits from immigration and has been, since the Norman Conquest in 1066, 'a successful, if not always willing, partner in assimilating a wide range of cultures and interests'. Nonetheless, he says that he has found when he travels the country many people express their concerns about the level of immigration to him.
He says that immigration was out of control under the previous Labour government when there was net immigration of over 250,000 people every year. This figure has now been reduced to 160,000 and is expected to fall further soon, he says.
'The country has a structural imbalance' – Dr FoxHowever, Dr Fox says that the UK's population is ageing and therefore 'the country has a structural imbalance which requires a sustainable solution'. He says that 'we need to move away from an immigration debate that is driven purely about numbers and start to talk about which individuals and skills we will need in the future'.
He says 'We need to stop talking simply about how many people are coming into Britain and start taking about which people are coming into Britain. He says that the UK needs to attract more skilled workers and cut the number of family immigrants.
Dr Fox says that there are many examples of immigration systems which are skewed in favour of economic immigrants. He says that Australia, Canada and the US are examples of countries with such systems. He says 'The United States has long operated a Green Card system with quotas that benefit immigrants with a profession or experience in business, the arts, sport or academia – talents that benefit American society and their economy. We need to follow a similar path.
UK already issues higher proportion of work visas than USIn fact, the UK already has a skilled worker immigrant visa; the Tier 2 visa. There are two types of Tier 2 visas;
- Tier 2 (General) for skilled workers. There is a cap of 20,700 annually, though this has never been reached and
- Tier 2 (Intra Company Transfer) There is no cap on these visas which, as the name suggests, enable workers in international companies to transfer to the UK.
- The Tier 1 (entrepreneur) visa allows foreign entrepreneurs to set up businesses in the UK.
- The Tier 1 (investor) visa allows people with £1m to invest in UK investments to come to the UK as investors and
- The Tier 1 (exceptional Talent) visa allows world-leading talents in the arts, humanities and sciences (including engineering) to apply for a UK visa. It is extremely difficult to qualify for one of these visas. There is a annual cap of 1,000 but only about 50 were issued in the first year that they were available.
- The Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) visa allows graduates from UK universities with a viable business plan to apply for a visa to let them stay in the UK for a year while they establish a business.
It is also interesting to note that only 6% of US migrants annually are classed by the OECD as economic migrants whereas about 28% of UK migrants are economic migrants. The UK's proportion of economic migrants is in line with those in Australia and Canada.
Dr Fox resigned from the Coalition government in 2011 over allegations that he had taken a friend with him on governmental trips and had carried out private business.
Young researcher lived rent free in his houseThe UK's media raised questions about Dr Fox's relationship with his friend Adam Werrity. Dr Fox met Mr Werrity while Fox was the Conservatives' front bench spokesman on Scotland and Mr Werrity was studying at Edinburgh University. After leaving university, Mr Werrity briefly became a parliamentary researcher for Mr Fox and lived rent free in his London flat from 2002 to 2003.
Between 2009 and 2011, Mr Werrity travelled abroad with Dr Fox on 20 separate occasions. Some of these trips occurred when Dr Fox was Secretary of State for Defence. Mr Werrity was described by Dr Fox and business associates as a 'special advisor' to Dr Fox though he had no governmental position.
Dr Fox resigned because 'my frequent contacts with [Mr Werrity] may have given an impression of wrongdoing, and may also have given third parties the misleading impression that Mr Werrity was an official adviser rather than simply a friend'.
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