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Skilled Worker Shortage Occupation List

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Please note that this has been updated with the latest changes of 1 December 2020

The last big change was on 6 October 2019 (list published 7 October 2019) when many more people were added under the Shortage Occupation List. This has made it easier for many employers with a Skilled Worker Sponsor Licence, and Skilled Worker visa and Tier 2 visa migrants.   On 1 December 2020, when the new UK points based system was introduced, the Tier 2 General visa category was changed and renamed the Skilled worker visa.

Employers wishing to employ someone on a Skilled Worker visa need to assign a Certificate of Sponsorship to employ a non-EEA worker on a Skilled Worker visa.

If you wish to employ someone under the Skilled Worker visa scheme in one of these shortage occupations the role must be for at least 30 hours per week and must pay the appropriate minimum salary and gain enough points under the Skilled Worker visa points system.

Skilled Worker Shortage Occupation List

Please note that unless it specifically states that all jobs in an occupation code are included, only the job roles highlighted in bullet points below are included in the Shortage Occupation List,

Occupation code and any further criteriaShortage occupation in   
 EnglandScotlandWalesNorthern Ireland
2111 Chemical scientists – only jobs in the nuclear industry-Yes--
2112 Biological scientists and biochemists – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2113 Physical scientists - only the following jobs in the construction-related ground engineering industry:

• engineering geologist
• hydrogeologist
• geophysicist
2113 Physical scientists – only the following jobs in the oil and gas industry:

• geophysicist
• geoscientist
• geologist
• geochemist
• technical services manager in the decommissioning and waste areas of the nuclear industry
• senior resource geologist and staff geologist in the mining sector
2114 Social and humanities scientists – only archaeologistsYesYesYesYes
2121 Civil engineers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2122 Mechanical engineers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2123 Electrical engineers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2124 Electronics engineers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2126 Design and development engineers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2127 Production and process engineers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2129 Engineering professionals not elsewhere classified – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2135 IT business analysts, architects and systems designers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2136 Programmers and software development professionals – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2137 Web design and development professionals – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2139 Information technology and communications professionals not elsewhere classified – only cyber security specialistsYesYesYesYes
2216 Veterinarians – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2425 Actuaries, economists and statisticians – only bio-informaticians and informaticiansYesYesYesYes
2431 Architects – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2461 Quality control and planning engineers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
3411 Artists – all jobsYesYesYesYes
3414 Dancers and choreographers – only skilled classical ballet dancers or skilled contemporary dancers who meet the standard required by internationally recognised UK ballet or contemporary dance companies.

The company must be endorsed as being internationally recognised by a UK industry body such as the Arts Councils (of England, Scotland or Wales).
3415 Musicians – only skilled orchestral musicians who are leaders, principals, sub-principals or numbered string positions, and who meet the standard required by internationally recognised UK orchestras.

The orchestra must be endorsed as being internationally recognised by the Association of British Orchestras.
3416 Arts officers, producers and directors – all jobsYesYesYesYes
3421 Graphic designers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
5215 Welding trades – only high integrity pipe welders, where the job requires 3 or more years’ related on-the-job experienceYesYesYesYes
5434 Chefs – only skilled chefs where all of the following requirements are met:
• the pay for which points are awarded is at least £29,570 per year; and
• the job requires 5 or more years’ relevant experience in a role of at least equivalent status; and
• the job is not in either a fast food or standard fare outlet; and
• the job is in one of the following roles:

- executive chef - limited to 1 per establishment
- head chef - limited to 1 per establishment
- sous chef - limited to 1 for every 4 kitchen staff per establishment
- specialist chef - limited to 1 per speciality per establishment

Table 2: Shortage occupations in eligible health and education occupation codes where going rates are based on national pay scales 

Occupation code and any further criteriaShortage occupation in   
 EnglandScotlandWalesNorthern Ireland
2211 Medical practitioners – all jobs-Yes--
2212 Psychologists – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2217 Medical radiographers – all jobs (including radiotherapy practitioners / technologists)YesYesYesYes
2222 Occupational therapists – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2223 Speech and language therapists – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2231 Nurses – all jobsYesYesYesYes
2314 Secondary education teaching professionals – only teachers in maths, physics, science (where an element of physics will be taught), computer science and MandarinYesYesYesYes
2314 Secondary education teaching professionals – only teachers in Gaelic-Yes--
2315 Primary and nursery education teaching professionals – only Gaelic medium teachers-Yes--
2442 Social workers – all jobsYesYesYesYes
3213 Paramedics – all jobsYesYesYesYes